On June 8, 1789, Representative James Madison of Virginia introduced a series of proposed amendments to the newly ratified U.S. Constitution. That summer the House of Representatives debated the issues and on August 24 passed seventeen proposed constitutional amendments. The Senate then took up the matter, altering and consolidating the amendments. Ultimately, Congress forwarded to the states 12 articles of amendment; 10 of them (articles 3 through 12) were subsequently ratified and became the Bill of Rights.

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